Cystoscopy is an endoscopic telescope used to evaluate the bladder.
The telescope is either rigid or flexible. This evaluation can be performed in the office or in the operating room under anesthesia. This study takes little time to perform and in general is well tolerated by the conscious patient using local anesthesia. Cystoscopy enables the urologist to check the bladder lining for irregularities such as bladder tumors, inflammation or diverticula (out-pouching of the bladder muscle). Stones can occasionally be seen in the bladder.
Evaluation of the ureters and urethra can be performed during cystoscopy. Diverticula or stricture (narrowing) of the urethra, ureteroceles (abnormal openings of the ureters into the bladder), and potentially stones in the opening of the ureter are a few problems that can be identified with cystoscopic evaluation of the urethra and ureters.